Civil-military relations and democracy in Indonesia

Executive Summary

Originally touted as a reformer when elected, Indonesian President Joko Widodo has presided over a period of democratic regression and increasing illiberalism. During his tenure it appears that the military is gaining greater ground in the civil-military balance, marked by the appointment of several New Order figures in politics, increased reliance on the army’s territorial system, and a greater ability for retired officers to shape public discourse and policy. The public’s perceptions of the military as a trusted and legitimate actor in politics gives them further leverage in the face of waning support for liberal democratic principles. This

Read More